4:26pm July 16, 2013

Many of us have noticed that Lilith scratched Ben’s back during their sexual encounter which immediately brought back the memories of Maryann.  Yet another clue was given in the form of the year itself, 3500 BC.

Some notable cultures from that period were Uruk in Sumer, Early Minoan I, Susa (Iran), Vinca Culture, Megalithic Europe (the first monument of which there is still a trace (Duma na nGiall) is built on the Hill of Tara, the ancient seat of the High King of Ireland). In Egypt, this period is known as Naqada II or Gerzean culture.

The Naqadan culture took over from the Badarian and became arguably the most important prehistoric culture in Upper Egypt. Naqada culture is an archaeological culture of Chalcolithic Predynastic Egypt (ca. 4500–3000 BC), named for the town of Naqada, Qena Governorate where many of the archaeological evidence for the period was found. Naqada sites were first divided by the British Egyptologist Sir William Flinders Petrie in 1894.

The first phase, Naqada I was known as Amratian culture (approx. 4000-3500 BC, the site El-Amra). The second phase was Gerzean culture (approx. 3500-3200 BC, the site: Gerzeh). Its final phase, Naqada III is coterminous with the so-called Protodynastic Period of Ancient Egypt (Early Bronze Age, 3200–3000 BC).

The Naqada II culture mastered the art of agriculture and the use of artificial irrigation and no longer needed to hunt for their food. The people started live in towns, not just villages, creating areas of higher population density than ever before.

The culture continued to develop their artistic tendencies, creating new styles of pottery and more intricate carving. Many animal-shaped and shield-shaped palettes (used for mixing cosmetics) have been recovered. They form a clear link in development towards the ceremonial palettes of the early dynastic period (eg. the Narmer palette). They also developed their skills in metalworking, in particular copper which they traded with the ancient peoples of Mesopotamia and Asia. The introduction of cylindrical seals (a typically Mesopotamian device) showed that their culture was influenced by their neighbours, but the familiar Egyptian gods Hathor, Ra and Horus also date to this period. Their burial rituals also changed. They created rectangular graves whose walls were lined with masonry or wood, and the body was not specifically oriented towards the setting sun. There was a marked difference in the quality of grave goods between the rich and poor and many contained pottery which had been ritually shattered during the funeral. Architecture also took a leap forward during the Naqada II period. A palace and ritual precinct was constructed in Nekhen (Hieraconpolis), which was the cult centre of Horus of Nekhen. It has a large oval courtyard, surrounded by small buildings and is clearly the precursor to the ritual precincts of the Early Dynastic Period. Features of the complex are echoed in the construction of Djoser’s pyramid complex.

Naqada II is where we find Maryann’s Bird Lady (discovered in Nag el-Ma’Mariya, Aswan, Egypt). (possibly the blue-print for the fae-village)

PS. Analytical Wallflower had asked us to post something about Maryann and this seemed like a prefect time to do it. 

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